Ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, MexicoMaya Chiché: Mouth of the well; the Itzá: Warlock Water and huasteco: Ch'iich'en: Status / Appearance bird, Itzam ': Snake.
Chichén Itzá was founded around 525 A.D. by Chanes de Bacalar, later called Itza, and later: Cocomes. The Chanes also founded other major cities like Ek Balam, Izamal, Motul, T-hó, Merida and Champotón. Chichen Itza is located 188 Km. From Cancun, Merida far east at 120 km.
The archaeological site of Chichen Itza was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and is one of the New 7 Wonders of the Modern World.
For its size this site reveals much about the fascinating history of the Maya, as the Cenote of Sacrifice in which victims were thrown; the immense Ball Game (the largest in Mesoamerica); El Caracol, a Mayan observatory; the building of the Nuns, a large pyramid with a crack showing their different building stages and through a wide plaza, the majestic Castillo or Kukulcan pyramid is a giant stone calendar.
The Castle of Kukulcan "Feathered Serpent", measures 60 feet square at the base. It rises in nine bodies falling to the level of 24, reaching the months that holds the temple, and this raises its walls eight meters more. Each facade or front of the mole pyramid, boasts a wide staircase consists of 91 stone steps, together making up 364 steps, and added the land, or the upper platform 365. topped the stairs del Castillo, at ground level, colossal sculptural heads, serpent figure.
Chichén Itzá was the most important city of the Mayan culture during the Classic period and early Postclassic terminal, approximately between 900 to 1300 AD. It was during the Early Classic, the capital of a large region as Puuc style buildings were erected. With the arrival of the Itza, at the end of this period, a new style that mixed Mayan traditions with the contributions of newcomers was created. This was the second highest peak of the site and ended with the arrival of the princes of Mayapan, between 1185 and 1204 AD.